Loscoe certainly existed in the 1500's, when a furnace, owned by the lords of Codnor Castle, was in existence – the present Furnace Lane led to it, as well as to the ancient Loscoe Dam, which was probably built in the first place as a fishpond to the Castle, but later serviced the neighbouring furnaces.
That said, the 19th and 20th centuries saw Loscoe as a small mining village dominated by pit chimneys and spoil heaps. The three mines which provided employment for so many local men – Old Loscoe, Bailey Brook and Ormonde – have now disappeared, Ormonde being the last to close in 1970. The village grew considerably during the second half of the 20th century, with the building of the council estate and other housing. The pit chimneys have now gone and so have the spoil heaps.
Until 1844, Loscoe was within the parish of Heanor, but in that year Loscoe, along with Codnor, became a separate parish when St. James’s Church, situated at Cross Hill, between the two villages, was built. In 1927 Loscoe became a separate parish. Services were first held in the Mission Church, built on land given by the Butterley Company, the owners of Ormonde Colliery. (This building is said to have first been built by the first prisoners of war at Denby, and was taken down and rebuilt at Loscoe.) In 1938, a new church, dedicated to St. Luke, was erected, the builders being Sisson & Sons of Langley Mill.
Before the advent of the coal mining industry in Loscoe, the inhabitants of the village were framework knitters and farm labourers. Although the two farms already mentioned have disappeared, there still remain several farms in the area. Yet another farm to disappear was Grange Farm which made way for Ryde’s Pork Factory. Although we do not know the precise location, we understand that ‘Loscoe Grange,’ which is now a street of houses, was the site of the medieval ‘Grange of Loscoe.’
Photographs of Furnace Lane and Dam Cottage in the snow courtesy of John Bircumshaw.
Photograph of old Loscoe Dam reproduced by kind permission of www.picturethepast.org.uk, with acknowledgments to the Wood Collection.
Digital Image copyright © North East Midland Photographic Record. All other rights reserved.
Last modified on 18 June 2013 14:28